Home Blockchain PYMNTS Blockchain Fundamentals Collection: What’s Polygon? An Ethereum Killer Hedges Its Bets – pymnts.com

PYMNTS Blockchain Fundamentals Collection: What’s Polygon? An Ethereum Killer Hedges Its Bets – pymnts.com

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All through this sequence of articles, we’re wanting on the high blockchains in crypto that will help you make sense of the alphabet soup of so-called “altcoins” that exists past bitcoin’s BTC and Ethereum’s ETH.

We are going to have a look at what they’re, how they work, what they do and their execs and cons.

You’ll come out of this sequence not solely with a greater sense of what cryptocurrency is all about, however you’ll additionally perceive why the best way a token works — the best way its blockchain processes transactions — is vital to its success or failure as a digital asset.

PYMNTS Blockchain Series: What is Polkadot? The most ambitious of the Ethereum Killers

PYMNTS Blockchain Series: What is Solana?

PYMNTS Blockchain Series: What is Cardano?

PYMNTS Blockchain Series: What is Avalanche?

PYMNTS Blockchain Series: What is Cosmos?

Whereas Polygon is one other of the highest blockchains known as “Ethereum killers,” that’s probably not correct. It’s extra like a would-be Ethereum savoir.

The “Ethereum killers” that make up the primary 5 article on this sequence are largely making an attempt to exchange the No. 2 blockchain as the principle smart-contracts platform on which almost the whole lot, from NFTs and metaverses to DeFi and provide chain administration tasks, are constructed. That’s to say, they’re making an attempt to exchange basically all cryptocurrencies besides stablecoins and the fiat-replacement cryptocurrencies bitcoin was supposed to be.

Whereas different Ethereum killers provide an alternate platform for the self-executing good contracts which might be the constructing blocks of blockchain, Polygon is an try and make clogged and overly costly Ethereum work higher. It’s a scaling resolution designed to supply way more that Ethereum’s 12-15 transactions per second.

Polygon started life as Matic, a Layer 2 resolution, very similar to the Lightning Community is for Bitcoin. Which means it sits on high of Ethereum, permitting tasks to tug the precise meat of their transactions off its blockchain whereas nonetheless importing the transaction particulars to the Ethereum blockchain.

This has a few large advantages, beginning with the flexibility to construct tasks within the programming language of Ethereum, Solidity, making it far simpler to seek out builders — a giant consideration within the blockchain enterprise, which is desperately wanting skilled builders regardless of very excessive salaries.

Nonetheless, Polygon isn’t just a technique to construct decentralized functions, or DApps. It permits builders to construct their very own blockchains on which to run their tasks as sidechains, working parallel to each Polygon and Ethereum.

Polygon’s token remains to be known as MATIC, however the mission’s title change represented an growth of Polygon’s skills and ambitions. As a substitute of 1 scaling resolution, it has 5 that builders can select from, that are designed to include others if new options for making transactions sooner are developed.

A number of Selections

Polygon’s largest promoting level in comparison with different blockchains is that it provides builders a whole lot of decisions in methods to get to that scalability, all whereas providing some important different advantages, most notably the flexibility to interoperate with different blockchains constructed on its packages.

Which means the flexibility to make funds and different transactions between tasks constructed on Polygon — in addition to these on Ethereum correct — regardless of having their very own native tokens. This implies DApps will be fully interoperable.

It additionally provides the flexibility to construct cryptocurrency tasks utilizing proof-of-stake moderately than Ethereum’s environmentally damaging proof-of-work consensus mechanism.

See additionally: PYMNTS Crypto Basics Series: What’s a Consensus Mechanism and Why Is It Destroying the Planet?

Proof-of-stake (PoS) has quite a few different advantages, together with simpler scalability and extra alternatives for token-holders to earn funds by serving to validate new transactions — the PoS model of Bitcoin and Ethereum’s proof-of-work (PoW) primarily based mining.

Learn extra: PYMNTS DeFi Series: What is Staking?

A number of Instruments

Calling Polygon a “Layer 2” resolution is definitely one thing of a misnomer, because it has 4 layers: an Ethereum layer, a safety layer, a Polygon networks layer and an execution layer.

The Ethereum layer is for good contracts that execute off the Ethereum blockchain itself however document transaction onto it. The safety layer runs subsequent to it, providing what quantities to “validation as a service” — which means that tasks can select to make use of Polygon validators moderately than making an attempt to construct up a staking community, or a shared safety resolution, of its personal. This provides one other degree of safety past that discovered when transactions are written onto Ethereum.

Builders constructing DApps and personal blockchains on Polygon can select whether or not or to not use both or each of these layers.

The Polygon community layer is the place the complete ecosystem of Polygon non-public blockchains comes collectively and may cross-communicate. They’ll deal with their very own transaction validation or use the safety layer’s validators, however all Polygon tasks are part of this layer.

The execution layer is the place all Polygon tasks and blockchains’ good contracts really run and do the enterprise of the blockchain, whether or not that’s producing and promoting NFTs or monitoring a product alongside a provide chain. Once more, this takes the burden off of Ethereum, so solely the transaction outcomes are recorded on Ethereum correct.

One other power of Polygon is that it provides multiple approach for builders to supply high-speed, low-cost transaction processing.

Other than that important Polygon safety layer, builders can select to make use of one thing known as Plasma chains, which use bridges to attach the person builders’ blockchains to the “dad or mum” Polygon chain. Alternatively, there are ZK-rollups, which supply a approach for builders to bundle transaction outcomes on their non-public “little one” chain utilizing a cryptography approach known as zero-knowledge proofs earlier than sending them on to Ethereum. One other approach out there is “optimistic proofs,” which validates transactions by displaying proof of no fraud moderately than proof of accuracy.

Polygon has two strengths: it makes transactions sooner and simpler on Ethereum moderately than scaling by changing it., and it’s a platform the place non-public blockchain and particular person DApp tasks can interoperate whereas builders select the scaling device or instruments that greatest swimsuit their wants. With out having to desert Ethereum, Polygon is the one good contract platform with a deep document of success.



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