Home Ethereum What Is the Ethereum Identify Service (ENS)? – Blockworks

What Is the Ethereum Identify Service (ENS)? – Blockworks

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What’s the Ethereum Identify Service?

Crypto addresses are lengthy strings of numbers and letters designed to be learn by computer systems. These lengthy addresses have led to confusion and even lack of funds. 

The Ethereum Identify Service, or ENS, is a distributed know-how primarily based on the Ethereum blockchain that gives a chic resolution to lengthy and complicated crypto addresses: one URL, similar to an internet site title or electronic mail, that represents a crypto tackle.

ENS maps the lengthy public tackle crypto customers are accustomed to and replaces it with a easy title that’s straightforward to learn and straightforward to recollect. One thing cumbersome like, “0xDC25EF3F5B8A186998338A2ADA83795FBA2D695E” turns into so simple as “Alice.eth.”

ENS takes the identical idea of the Area Identify Service (DNS), which mapped easy web site names to their IP addresses, to make crypto addresses straightforward to learn and share.

Fast details

  • ENS consists of two Ethereum sensible contracts: the ENS registry, which information domains, and the Resolver, which interprets domains to machine-readable addresses and vice-versa.
  • Like within the early days of DNS names, customers are speeding to safe their ENS domains earlier than they change into unavailable.
  • ENS helps .com, .org, .io, .app and extra.
  • Browsers at present supporting ENS embody Courageous, Opera, Standing (cellular), MetaMask Cell (cellular) and Puma. ENS won’t work on a browser reminiscent of Chrome or Safari.


The Area Identify System and the Ethereum Identify Service are each protocols that dictate how sure operations, both on Web2 or Web3, are resolved. The DNS converts the IP tackle of the net server right into a human-readable string referred to as a URL.

The Ethereum Identify Service converts an Ethereum tackle right into a human-readable string formatted like a URL. On this approach, they each perform equally to a phonebook. You possibly can search for a reputation in a cellphone e-book and get the quantity that may can help you attain that individual.

The DNS is a part of a system of web protocols that enable Web2 to work seamlessly. Web3, an idea describing the brand new decentralized model of the web, remains to be a creating discipline and has points that hinder adoption, reminiscent of lengthy addresses.

Proper now, the first goal of ENS is to offer folks and functions a simple strategy to learn and share crypto addresses and make Web3 extra digestible. As Web3 matures, it’s seemingly extra protocols can be constructed round ENS.

The best way to get an ENS area

Those that wish to create a brand new ENS area will want a crypto pockets, reminiscent of MetaMask, Torus or MEW, and a few ether (ETH). From there, customers can seek for the area of their selecting on https://app.ens.domains/.

The price of a brand new ENS area is a minimum of $5, however customers ought to anticipate to pay charges for the Ethereum transaction.


The ENS is operated by a decentralized autonomous group (DAO), basically a company with no centralized management. The DAO governs itself via the ENS token — holders of the token submit proposals and solid votes for future improvement.

What’s the ENS governance token? 

The ENS governance token is a token created on the Ethereum blockchain. They’re traded by speculators, as are most crypto tokens, however the token additionally serves a particular position within the ENS neighborhood. ENS neighborhood members — as members of the DAO — use their tokens to speak adjustments they want to see within the group.

As an example, later this 12 months, the ENS neighborhood will vote on the ENS Structure — a algorithm and pointers for a way ENS must be ruled. Every token can solid one vote. If 67% of votes solid on a selected article of the structure are “sure” votes, then the article passes.

If a person needs to submit a proposal to the ENS neighborhood, they may want the assist of 100,000 tokens for it to go to a vote.

Customers can vote on many issues within the DAO, together with:

  • Executable proposals for a sequence of sensible contract operations, reminiscent of allocating a portion of the liquid token pool to fund a grant for Web3 improvement.
  • Social proposals, carried out off-chain, reminiscent of appointing or eradicating a director, member or supervisor.
  • Constitutional amendments, which alter how ENS conducts its mission.

ENS token distribution 

To distribute ENS tokens to the neighborhood, the builders allotted 25% of the ENS Token provide to customers who had already signed up for an ENS area by Oct. 31, 2021.

Token distribution:

  • Neighborhood treasury: 50%
  • Airdrop to .eth holders: 25% 
  • ENS contributors: 25%

The builders then airdropped these tokens to wallets linked to the ENS domains. Fractions of the ENS token pool had been distributed primarily based on how lengthy a given person owned an ENS area.

In apply, because of this many informal customers acquired tens of hundreds of {dollars} of tokens within the airdrop — whereas individuals who have held domains for a few years acquired much more beneficiant allocations.

ENS basis

The ENS Basis is a authorized entity that represents the DAO. This fashion the inspiration can present authorized assist to DAO contributors.

The muse has three administrators — Nick Johnson, Brantly Millegan and Kevin Gaspar — who’re additionally ENS core crew members.

The ENS Basis is a basis firm restricted by assure and is integrated within the Cayman Islands. It’s a nonprofit and can’t pay out dividends to its administrators or members. The Basis itself has one supervisor, crammed by a Cayman Islands agency, DS Restricted.

For extra transparency, an inventory of paperwork associated to the ENS Basis will be discovered here.

Ethereum Identify Service vs. Unstoppable Domains

ENS shouldn’t be the one area title service supplier competing for supremacy on Web3. There are a number of rivals, together with Unstoppable Domains. Each Unstoppable and ENS are constructed on high of Ethereum and each enable customers to create and register a human-readable tackle for crypto addresses.

Nonetheless, there are some large variations within the philosophy underlying these tasks. ENS is an open and public protocol developed by a nonprofit that’s closely centered on decentralization and neighborhood choice making.

Unstoppable Domains operates as a for-profit firm, and plenty of of its domains have been “model protected” to stop people from proudly owning sure names, phrases or phrases. This apply has led to complaints the place folks have been unable to purchase a website with their title, regardless of the very fact it’s not in use, reminiscent of JohnSmith.area.

The best way to purchase ENS

ENS tokens will be bought on the following exchanges:


  • Binance
  • Okex
  • FTX
  • ByBit


  • Uniswap
  • SushiSwap
  • 1Inch

Incessantly requested questions

What’s the ethereum title service (ENS)?

Ethereum title service is a protocol that maps lengthy crypto addresses to easy URLs. As an alternative of copying lengthy crypto addresses, customers can merely ship crypto to domains reminiscent of “Alice.eth.”

How a lot does an ENS area value?

ENS domains value as little as $5 earlier than ethereum transactions charges. 

The place can you purchase ENS tokens?

ENS tokens will be purchased at quite a few totally different exchanges reminiscent of Binance, FTX and extra.

How a lot are ENS tokens?

  • Luke Conway

    Editor, Evergreen Content material

    As Editor of Evergreen Content material at Blockworks, Luke Conway oversees the creation of complete instructional guides on all issues crypto to assist customers navigate the area. Earlier than Blockworks he labored as an affiliate editor for Investopedia, managing dealer evaluations and a cryptocurrency information desk.

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